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MAY 16

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. In what year on this date was the Kentucky Derby first broadcast via a radio network? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What Irving Berlin musical opened on Broadway on this date in 1946? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the History Channel, which route did Junko Tabei use when she became the first woman to scale Mount Everest on this day in 1975? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name a children's author born on this date:

1. Why was Voltaire imprisoned in the Bastille on this date in 1717? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Library of Congress, how many tries did it take before Bolívar Pagán was finally elected to the Puerto Rican Senate? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to WebElements, what compound of Chromium (Cr) is prized as a red pigment for oil paints? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a horse that competed in the 1925 Kentucky Derby:
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to, what was the title of the five-minute television show on which Jim Henson's Muppets first appeared?

2. According to Nobel Foundation, Johannes Georg Bednorz was awarded the 1987 Nobel Prize for Physics for his discovery of what new type of materials?

3. According to the Library of Congress, in what year did Elizabeth Palmer Peabody open her first kindergarten?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a novel by Juan Rulfo (according to Lewis and Clark College):

Born on This Date 563 B.C.

[Lucid Cafe]


Elizabeth Palmer Peabody
Born on This Date 1804


Educators of Note

Margret Rey
Born on This Date 1906

[Houghton Mifflin]

Primary Children's Author

Juan Rulfo
Born on This Date 1918

[La Universidad Católica
Santa María la Antigua ]


Johannes Georg Bednorz
Born on This Date 1950

[Nobel Foundation]

Physics 1987 Nobel Laureate in Physics

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Ireland: St. Brendan the Navigator's Day
(Feast day of St. Brendan, patron saint of sailors; said to have died on this date in 578)
St. Brendan Naval History North American Exploration Catholic Saints Concordia
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1906 Margret Rey (German Author of the Curious George Books) Margret Rey Primary Children's Authors
1919 Daniel S. Halacy (South Carolina-born Author of Science Books for Children) South Carolina Authors Science
1928 Betty Miles (Chicago-born Children's Author) Chicago Authors Young-adult Authors
1944 Caroline Arnold (Minnesota-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Minnesota Authors Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1949 Deborah Nourse Lattimore (American Children's Author) American Authors Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1950 Bruce Coville (New York-born Children's Author) New York Authors Primary Children's Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1882 Anne O'Hare McCormick (English-American Journalist; First Woman to Receive a Pulitzer Prize) English Authors Journalism Awarded 1937 Pulitzer Prize for Correspondence New York Times
1886 Douglas Southall Freeman (Virginia-born Journalist, Historian, Biographer) Virginia Authors Journalism U.S. History
1894 Walter Yust (Pennsylvania-born Editor in Chief of the Encyclopedia Britannica: 1938-1960) Pennsylvania Authors Encyclopedia Britannica
1905 H. E. (Herbert Ernest) Bates (English Novelist, Short-Story Writer) H.E. Bates
1912 Studs Terkel (New York City-born Pulitzer Prize-Winning Writer, Broadcaster) Studs Terkel Broadcast Journalism 1985 Pulitzer Prize for General non-Fiction
1918 Juan Rulfo (Mexican Novelist, Short Story Writer) Juan Rulfo
1929 Adrienne Rich (Maryland-born Poet) Adrienne Rich Poetry
Artists, Architects and Designers
1782 John Sell Cotman (English Watercolorist) English Artists
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1931 Donald James Martino (New Jersey-born Composer) New Jersey Composers American Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1763 Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin (French Discoverer of the Elements Chromium and Beryllium) French Scientists Chromium Beryllium
1831 David Hughes (English Inventor of Teletype & Microphone) David Hughes Inventors and Inventions
1860 Adolf Ossian Aschan (Finnish Organic Chemist) Finnish Scientists Polymers
1950 Johannes Georg Bednorz (German-born 1987 Nobel Laureate for Physics ) Johannes Georg Bednorz Physics 1987 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Business and Economic Leaders
1641 Dudley North (English Economist and Merchant) English Business Leaders Economics
1832 Philip Armour (New York Business Leader: Meat Packing) New York Business Leaders American Business Leaders Find-a-Grave
Military Leaders
1804 Edmund Kirby Smith (Florida-born Confederate General) Edmund Kirby Smith American Civil War
Political and Social Leaders
563 B.C. Siddharta Gautama (Buddha) Buddhism Nepal India
1801 William Henry Seward (New York-born Politician; Secretary of State in the Lincoln Administration) William Seward Alaska U.S. Government Abraham Lincoln
1804 Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (Massachusetts-born Educator; Opened First U.S. English-language Kindergarten) Elizabeth Palmer Peabody Educators of Note Kindergarten
1840 James Milton Turner (Missouri-born African-American Civil Rights Leader and Diplomat) Liberia Missouri Political and Social Leaders Religion African American Political and Social Leaders
1897 Bolívar Pagán (Puerto Rican Lawyer, Politician, Writer) Bolívar Pagán Law and Legal Resources Latin-American Studies
1929 John Conyers (Detroit-born African-American Member of the U.S. Congress) Detroit Political and Social Leaders African American Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress African American Registry
Performing Artists
1857 Juan Morel Campos (Puerto Rican Musician, Composer) Juan Morel Campos Popular Musicians American Composers Latin-American Studies
1905 Henry Fonda (Nebraska-born Actor) Henry Fonda Actors Film
1913 Woody Herman (Wisconsin-born Jazz Clarinetist, Saxophonist, Bandleader) Wisconsin Performing Artists Popular Musicians Woody Herman Orchestra Writer's Almanac Wisconsin Historical Society
1919 Liberace (Wisconsin-born Classical, Popular Pianist) Wisconsin Performing Artists Popular Musicians Wisconsin Historical Society
1930 Betty Carter (Michigan-born African-American Jazz Singer) Michigan Performing Artists Jazz African American Performing Artists African American Registry
1931 Jack Dodson (Pennsylvania-born Actor: Howard Sprague on The Andy Griffith Show) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
1939 Nancy Kwan (Hong Kong-born American Actress) Hong Kong Actors Film Asian-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1953 Pierce Brosnan (Irish Actor) Irish Performing Artists Actors Television Film
1955 Debra Winger (Ohio-born Actress) Ohio Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1959 Mare Winningham (Arizona-born Actress) Arizona Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1966 Janet Jackson (Indiana-born African-American Popular Singer) Janet Jackson Popular Musicians African American Performing Artists
1968 Tracey Gold (New York-born Actress) New York Performing Artists Actors Internet Movie Database
1971 David Boreanaz (New York-born Actor) New York Performing Artists Actors Internet Movie Database
1973 Tori Spelling (Los Angeles-born Actress) California Performing Artists Actors Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1928 Billy Martin (New York-born Major League Baseball Player and Manager) New York Sports Figures Baseball
1949 Rick Reuschel (Illinois-born Major League Baseball Player) Illinois Sports Figures Baseball
1955 Jack Morris (Minnesota-born Major League Baseball Player) Minnesota Sports Figures Baseball
1956 Olga Korbut (Belarus-born Member of the International Gymnastics Hall of Fame) Belarus Sports Figures Gymnastics Hall of Fame Olympics
1957 Joan Benoit Samuelson (Maine-born Distance Runner and Olympic Champion) Maine Track & Field Olympics
1970 Gabriela Sabatini (Argentinean Member of the Tennis Hall of Fame) Argentina Tennis Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
578 St. Brendan the Navigator (Irish-born Patron Saint of Sailors) St. Brendan Naval History North American Exploration Catholic Saints Concordia
1277 Pope John XXI (Portuguese-born Catholic Pope) Portuguese Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes
1830 Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier (French Mathematician) Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier Calculus
1862 Joseph Lewis Hogg (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Leaders American Civil War University of Georgia
1939 Charlotte Makgomo Maxeke (First Black South-African Female to Graduate from an American University) South African Political and Social Leaders South African History
1944 George Ade (Indiana-born Humorist) George Ade Plays
1955 James Agee (Tennessee-born Poet) James Agee Poetry
1965 Wing Luke (First Asian-American Member of the Seattle, Washington City Council) Chinese Political and Social Leaders Washington Political and Social Leaders Asian-American Heritage History Link
1984 Andy Kaufman (New York City-born Comedian) New York Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
Irwin Shaw (New York City-born Author) New York City Writers American Authors
1985 Margaret Hamilton (Ohio-born Actress: Wicked Witch of the West in The Wizard of Oz) Ohio Performing Artists Actors Wizard of Oz
1990 Jim Henson (Mississippi-born Puppeteer and Creator of the Muppets) Jim Henson Puppets Technology and Society
Sammy Davis, Jr. (New York City-born African-American Singer, Dancer, Actor) Sammy Davis, Jr. Popular Musicians Dance Actors Film Notable African Americans
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1648 The 8th Expedition of Immigrants Arrives at the Swedish Colony in Wilmington, Delaware Sweden Wilmington, Delaware Immigration State of Delaware
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1717 Voltaire Imprisoned in Bastille for Insulting the State with His Satire Voltaire Law and Legal Resources The History Channel Writer's Almanac
1763 Biographer James Boswell Meets Subject, Samuel Johnson James Boswell Samuel Johnson Writer's Almanac
1770 Marie Antoinette (14) Marries Future King Louis XVI (15) France The History Channel
1777 Button Gwinnett, Signer of the Declaration of Independence, Is Mortally Wounded in a Duel English Political and Social Leaders Georgia Political and Social Leaders Declaration of Independence History Channel University of Georgia
1778 Indians Attack Virginia's Fort Randolph Virginia West Virginia Native-American Heritage Forts West Virginia Archives
1791 Earthquake Is Largest in Connecticut's Recorded History Connecticut Earthquake USGS
1792 The Teatro la Fenice Opens in Venice Venice, Italy Stage and Theater Opera Teatro la Fenice American Public Media
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

The rain has let up allowing for a fair day for the explorers to depart from Mr. Piper's Landing. After resettling the boat's load to the bow to prevent the danger of running foul of the concealed logs in the river, the journey continued smoothly. The men observed large amounts of coal before they reached St. Charles. Clark was invited to dine with some local French people who inhabited the area.
French Missouri Keelboat Weather Camp DuBois University of Nebraska University of Nebraska
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: The morning was fair and the day proved favorable to our operations; by 4 oClock in the evening our Instruments, Medicine, merchandize provision &c, were perfectly dryed, repacked and put on board the perogue. the loss we sustained was not so great as we had at first apprehended; our medicine sustained the greatest injury, several articles of which were intirely spoiled, and many others considerably injured; the ballance of our losses consisted of some gardin seeds, a small quantity of gunpowder, and a few culinary articles which fell overboard and sunk,

the Indian woman to whom I ascribe equal fortitude and resolution, with any person onboard at the time of the accedent, caught and preserved most of the light articles which were washed overboard

all matters being now arranged for our departure we lost no time in seting out; proceeced on tolerably well about seven miles and encamped on the Stard. side.

in the early part of the day two of our men fired on a panther, a little below our encampment, and wounded it; they informed us that it was very large, had just killed a deer partly devoured it, and in the act of concealing the ballance as
they discovered him. we caught two Antelopes at our encampment in
attempting to swim the river; these anamals are but lean as yet, and of course not very pleasant food. I walked on shore this evening and killed a Buffaloe cow and calf, we found the calf most excellent veal.

the country on either side of the river is broken and hills much higher than usual, the bottoms now become narrow and the timber more scant; some scattering pine and cedar on the steep declivities of the hills.— this morning a white bear toar Labuiche's coat which he had left in the plains.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 04/27/05 Valley County, Montana Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Drewyer's horse left his camp last night and was brought to us this morning by an indian who informed us he had found him a considerable distance towards the mountains.

Hohâstillpilp and all the natives left us about noon and informed us that they were going up the river some distance to a place at which they expected to fine a canoe, we gave them the head and neck of a bear, a part of which they eat and took the ballance with them. these people sometimes kill the variagated bear when they can get them in the open plain where they can pursue them on horseback and shoot them with their arrows. the black bear they more frequently kill as they are less ferocious.

our sick men are much better today.

Sahcargarmeah geathered a quantity of the roots of a speceis of fennel which we found very agreeable food, the flavor of this root is not unlike annis seed, and they dispell the wind which the roots called Cows and quawmash are apt to create particularly the latter. we also boil a small onion which we find in great abundance, with other roots and find them also an antidote to the effects of the others. the mush of roots we find adds much to the comfort of our diet.—

we sent out several hunters this morning but they returned about 11 A. M. without success; they killed a few pheasants only.

at 5 P. M. Drewyer and Cruzatte returned having killed one deer only. Drewyer had wounded three bear which he said were as white as sheep but had obtained neither of them. they informed us that the hunting was but bad in the quarter they had been, the Country was broken and thickly covered in most parts with underbrush.

a little after dark Shannon and Labuish returned with one deer; they informed us that game was wild and scarce, that a large creek (Collins' Creek) {Lolo Creek, forming the boundary between Clearwater and Idaho counties, Idaho] ran parallel with the river at the distance of about 5 or 6 miles which they found impracticable to pass with their horses in consequence of the debth and rapidity of it's current. beyond this creek the Indians inform us that there is great abundance of game.

Sergt. Pryor and Collins who set out this morning on a hunting excurtion did not return this evening.—

I killed a snake {Great Basin gopher snake, Pituophis melanoleucus deserticola] near our camp, it is 3 feet 11 Inches in length, is much the colour of the rattlesnake common to the middle atlantic states, it has no poisonous teeth. it has 218 scutae on the abdomen and fifty nine squamae or half formed scutae on the tail. the eye is of moderate size, the iris of a dark yellowish brown and puple black. there is nothing remarkable in the form of the head which is not so wide across the jaws as those of the poisonous class of snakes usually are.— I preserved the skin of this snake.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 04/01/06 Lewis County, Idaho Bears Nez Percé
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1836 Edgar Allan Poe (Age 27) Marries Virginia Clemm (Age 13) Edgar Allan Poe American Authors American Collection
1843 Two Ships of the Texas Navy Win a Decisive Victory Against Mexico Mexico Republic of Texas War Naval Military History Texas State Historical Society
1849 New York City Opens Hospital for Treatment of Cholera New York City Cholera The History Channel
1850 The Reverend Edward D. Neill's Presbyterian Chapel Is Destroyed in St. Paul, Minnesota's First Fire St. Paul, Minnesota Fire Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1861 Kentucky House of Representatives Votes for Civil War Neutrality Kentucky American Civil War Harper's Weekly
1862 President Lincoln Transmits to Congress an Indian Treaty for Kansas Kansas U.S. Congress President Abraham Lincoln Native American Heritage Historic American Documents Lincoln Papers
1863 Grant Defeats Confederates at Champion's Hill, Mississippi Mississippi Ulysses S. Grant American Civil War The History Channel
U.S. Schooner Two Sisters Captures the Confederate Schooner Oliver S. Breese Off the Florida Keys Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
1864 U.S.S. Somerset Captures 6 Boats, 4 Prisoners and Ammunition Near Apalachicola, Florida Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
The First 11 "Mercer Girls" Arrive to Increase Seattle, Washington's Supply of Teachers and Women Seattle,Washington Education Women History Link
1866 Congress Authorizes Minting the Nickel to Replace the Smaller Half-Dime U.S. Congress Currencies The History Channel U.S. Treasury
1868 Congress Fails by One Vote to Convict President Johnson U.S. Congress Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Presidential Impeachment History Channel New York Times
1874 139 Die When an Earthen Dam Gives Way on the Mill River in Western Massachusetts Massachusetts Dams Death Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1875 Earthquake Strikes Venezuela & Colombia: 16,000 die Earthquakes Venezuela Colombia Death Decision Development Corporation
1888 Emile Berliner Demonstrates Gramophone at Philadelphia's Franklin Institute Pennsylvania The Phonograph Inventors Historic Firsts Library of Congress American Public Media
1898 The 12th, 13th, and 14th Regiments of the Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Depart for Training Minnesota Military Figures Spanish-American War Minnesota Historical Society
The 1st Arkansas Volunteer Infantry Is Mustered into Service Arkansas Military Figures Spanish-American War Arkansas History Commission
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1901 The North Georgia Electric Company Is Incorporated Georgia Business Electricity Business University of Georgia
1903 In New York City, Coney Island's Luna Park Opens Illuminated by 122,000 Light Bulbs New York City The Light Bulb New York Historical Society
1909 5.5 Magnitude Earthquake Is Largest in North Dakota's Recorded History North Dakota Earthquake USGS
1914 American Horseshoe Pitchers Association Is Organized in Kansas City. Kansas Kansas Games NHPA
1918 U.S. Congress Passes Sedition Act U.S. Congress World War I History Channel
1920 Joan of Arc Is Canonized by the Catholic Church Joan of Arc Catholicism New York Times
1922 "Canada Dry" Pale Ginger Ale Trademark Is Registered Patents & Trademarks Foods U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
1924 U.S. Army Round-the-World Fliers Leave Alaska's Attu Island for Paramashiru Island, the Longest Leg of the Trip Alaska Aviation History Historic Firsts Alaska Historical Society
Edith Wharton's Stories Are Published as a Boxed Set by D. Appleton and Company, New York Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
1925 WHAS Louisville Airs First Network Radio Broadcast of the Kentucky Derby Radio The Kentucky Derby Historic Firsts
1929 The First Academy Award Ceremony Is Held at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel in Los Angeles Los Angeles Film Academy Awards Historic Firsts The History Channel Writer's Almanac
1932 Louisiana's New State Capitol Building Is Dedicated at Baton Rouge Louisiana Government Louisiana Legislature
1933 Military Units Are Called Out to Control Violence in Wisconsin's Statewide Milk Strike Wisconsin Business Farming and Agriculture Foods and Nutrition Consumer Economics Wisconsin Historical Society
1937 Thomas Wolfe's Story "Return" Is Published in The Asheville Citizen-Times Thomas Wolfe American Authors The Asheville Citizen-Times American Collection
1938 34 Die in the Atlanta, Georgia Terminal Hotel Fire Atlanta, Georgia Fire death University of Georgia
1940 University of Washington Opens First Theater Built for In-the-Round Performances Washington Education Stage and Theater Historic Firsts University of Washington History Link
1943 In Warsaw, Poland, the Nazis Bring the Uprising Under Control in the Jewish Ghetto Poland Nazi Germany Jewish Ghetto Uprising World War II History Channel BBC
British Bombers Destroy Two German Dams in the Ruhr Valley Great Britain Nazi Germany Dams World War II History Channel
1944 Florida's 85-mile Overseas Highway to Key West Is Dedicated at Florida City Florida Transportation Bridges Florida Historical Society
1946 Irving Berlin's Annie Get Your Gun Opens on Broadway Irving Berlin New York City Musical Theater Internet Broadway Database
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1958 At Edwards AFB, California., USAF Capt. Walter W. Irwing Sets a World Speed Record of 1,404.19 mph in a F-104A Starfighter California Aviation History NASA
1960 Theodore Maiman Produces First Laser Light (Ruby Laser) Laser Light Historic Firsts International Society for Optical Engineering
Khrushchev & Eisenhower Trade Angry Barbs at Paris Summit Paris Nikita Khrushchev Dwight Eisenhower The Cold War The History Channel
1963 Gordon Cooper Returns to Earth After 22 Orbits Aboard Mercury Capsule Gordon Cooper Space Exploration NASA
The City of Cape Canaveral, Florida Is Incorporated Cape Canaveral, Florida Cape Canaveral, Florida Florida Historical Society
1967 Tennessee Repeals Its "Monkey Law" Against the Teaching of Evolution Tennessee Education Education Evolution Concordia
1968 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 47 in Honshu, Japan Japan Earthquake Death USGS
400 Hispanic High School Students Protest Poor Quality Schools in San Antonio, Texas San Antonio, Texas Education Human Rights/Civil Rights Hispanic Heritage Texas State Historical Association
1969 The South African Bureau of State Security (BOSS) Is Established South African Government South African History
$50M U.S. Atomic Submarine Guitarro Sinks at Dockside Undergoing Final Fitting in San Francisco, California San Francisco, California Submarines Nuclear Weapons Learn California
1972 Michigan Voters Approved Constitutional Amendment Allowing a State Lottery Michigan Government Economics Taxes Law State of Michigan
Jaocb Druckman's "Windows" for Orchestra Is Premiered by the Chicago Symphony and Will Be Awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Music Chicago Pennsylvania Composers American Composers 1972 Pulitzer Prize for Music American Public Media
1974 Israeli Planes Bomb Palestinian Refugee Camps in Southern Lebanon, Killing at Least 27 Lebanon Israel Aviation Military History Death BBC
1975 Japan's Junko Tabei Is First Woman to Scale Mount Everest Junko Tabei Mount Everest Women Historic Firsts History Channel
Wings Release "Listen to What the Man Said" in UK Paul McCartney Popular Music Beatles Discography
1977 South Africa's Government Banishes Winnie Mandela to Brandfort South African Government Nelson Mandela South African History
1987 The Last Known "Dusky Seaside Sparrow" Dies in Captivity at Disney World Florida Endangered Animals Florida Historical Society
1988 Supreme Court Rules Trash May be Searched Without Warrant U.S. Supreme Court Constitutional Law Civil Rights Oyez
1991 Queen Elizabeth II Is the First British Monarch to Address Congress Great Britain U.S. Congress Queen Elizabeth II Historic Firsts New York Times
1992 Second Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESA II) Ends in a Deadlock South African Government South African History
1995 Japanese Arrest Cult Leader for Nerve-gas Attack on Tokyo's Subways Tokyo, Japan Terrorism Crime New York Times
1997 President Mobutu Sese Seko Flees Zaire, Ending 32 Years of Autocratic Rule Democratic Republic of the Congo CNN