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European Exploration
The Explorers

Developing Essential Skills for State Standards

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PAGE ONE
Alonso Álvarez de Pineda
PAGE THREE
Francisco Vázquez de Coronado
PAGE FOUR
René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle
PAGE FIVE
Pánfilo de Narváez
PAGE SIX
Juan de Oñate
Answer Sheet State Standards Quest Archive
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ÁLVAR NÚÑEZ CABEZA DE VACA

devaca
PBS




    A. Study the TEKS Biography for Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca from the Texas Education Agency and "Cabeza de Vaca Introduction" from Texas Beyond History to answer the following questions:

    1. Álvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca:
      • A.    Was a Portuguese explorer.
        B.    Led an expedition to North America in 1757.
        C.    Crossed the Atlantic on barges.
        D.    All of the Above.
        E.    None of the above.

    2. Álvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca:
      • A.    Was the first geographer, historian, and ethnologist of Texas.
        B.    Explored over 2,800 miles of Texas and Mexico.
        C.    Was the first European to explore parts of Texas.
        D.    All of the Above.
        E.    None of the Above.

    3. Álvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca explored:
      • A.    North Texas.
        B.    South Texas.
        C.    East Texas.
        D.    West Texas.
        E.    All of the Above.

    4. Álvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca:
      • A.    Discovered many new types of plants, animals and food.
        B.    Had many encounters with different groups of Indians, such as the Comanche, Apache and Caddo.
        C.    Wrote a journal of his exploration entitled La Texas.
        D.    All of the Above.
        E.    None of the Above.

    B. Answer the questions below by reading entries from " de Vaca's journal" provided by Texas Beyond History:

    1. Nuts:
      • A.    Were a very important food item of the Indians.
        B.    Were ground with grains for food.
        C.    Were only available for two months out of every other year.
        D.    All of the Above.
        E.    A & B Above Only.

    2. Tuna:
      • A.    Came from the Gulf of Mexico.
        B.    Was an egg.
        C.    Was the only thing eaten by the Indians for 6 months out of the year.
        D.    Was a red and black fruit.
        E.    None of the Above.

    3. Why did the natives eat spiders, dirt, wood and deer dung?
      • A.    They ate them when they were the only food available.
        B.    These foods tasted better than deer and fish.
        C.    They had special ways for preparing these foods that made them especially desirable to eat.
        D.    All of the Above.
        E.    None of the Above.

    4. The natives:
      • A.    Built homes that were strong and permanent.
        B.    Carried their homes on their backs.
        C.    Moved every few days to search for food.
        D.    All of the Above.
        E.    B & C Above Only.

    5. Fires:
      • A.    Were built to ward off mosquitoes.
        B.    Were made of damp wood to create more smoke than flames.
        C.    Caused great discomfort from the fire's heat and the smoke burning their eyes.
        D.    All the Above.
        E.    None of the Above.

    6. Cattle:
      • A.    Were used for food.
        B.    Hides were used for clothing.
        C.    Small hides were used to make robes.
        D.    Large hides were used to make shoes and shields.
        E.    All of the Above.

    7. De Vaca observed that the natives:
      • A.    Made good use of their rivers for drinking water.
        B.    Relied on rain for drinking water.
        C.    Farmed the fertile meadows.
        D.    Established ranches and herded cattle.
        E.    All of the Above.

    8. The natives:
      • A.    Befriended and followed de Vaca and his men.
        B.    Seemed to have little interest in de Vaca and his men.
        C.    Killed de Vaca and his men.
        D.    None of the Above.
        E.    B & C Above Only.



    C. Read "Cabeza de Vaca" from Texas State University to answer the following question:

    1. During his 8 years living among the Native Americans:
      • A.    De Vaca was a slave.
        B.    De Vaca was a trader.
        C.    De Vaca was a doctor and spiritual leader.
        D.    De Vaca became a strong defender of Indian rights.
        E.    All of the Above.



    D. Explore the resources provided by PBS to answer the following questions:

    1. According to the map provided, de Vaca's exploration of present-day Texas and Mexico:
      • A.    Began in Mexico City.
        B.    Passed through the present-day Texas cities of Austin, San Antonio and El Paso.
        C.    Lasted from November 1528 until June 1536.
        D.    All of the Above.
        E.    None of the Above.

    2. According to this PBS video, Isle of Misfortune:
      • A.    De Vaca and his men all landed safely on the Isle of Misfortune.
        B.    The Karankawas attacked de Vaca and his men as they landed on the Isle of Misfortune.
        C.    It is believed the Isle of Misfortune is today's Galveston Island.
        D.    All of the Above.
        E.    None of the Above.

    3. According to PBS, the Karankawas:
      • A.    Came to the Isle of Misfortune for the oysters.
        B.    Came to the Isle of Misfortune when the weather would be at its best.
        C.    Still live today on the Isle of Misfortune.
        D.    All of the Above.
        E.    None of the Above.

    4. While living amongst the other, de Vaca:
      • A.    Worked as a slave of the Karankawas.
        B.    Moved inland and began to work with the Coahuiltecans.
        C.    Became a trader of seashells and coral.
        D.    All of the Above.
        E.    None of the Above.

    5. The Coahuiltecans:
      • A.    Established permanent villages.
        B.    Wore fine clothing similar to the conquistadors.
        C.    Were sophisticated hunters and farmers.
        D.    All of the Above.
        E.    None of the Above.

    6. The survivors of de Vaca's party:
      • A.    Got back together after being separated for about 5 years.
        B.    Sailed south to Mexico.
        C.    Established a colony in South Texas.
        D.    All of the Above.
        E.    None of the Above.

    7. According to The Escape and this PBS video de Vaca's party probably:
      • A.    Traveled to Mexico by passing through the Northern regions of present-day New Mexico and Arizona.
        B.    Traveled across Northern Mexico to the Big Bend area.
        C.    Sailed south to Mexico along the gulf coast.
        D.    All of the Above.
        E.    None of the Above.

    8. According to The Walk to the Sea and this PBS video de Vaca's party found:
      • A.    The Shell Trail.
        B.    Civilized towns.
        C.    Evidence of farming and fine craftsmenship.
        D.    All of the Above.
        E.    A & B Above Only.

    9. According to PBS Spanish slave traders encountered de Vaca:
      • A.    In the company of an African and 11 Indians.
        B.    8 years after his shipwreck.
        C.    Almost exactly at the site of his shipwreck.
        D.    All of the Above.
        E.    A & B Above Only.

    10. According to this PBS narrative and this PBS map de Vaca first began to return to Spanish civilization:
      • A.    At San Miguel Culiacan.
        B.    Along Mexico's gulf coast.
        C.    In June 1536.
        D.    All of the Above.
        E.    A & B Above Only.

    11. According to PBS narrative and this PBS video, de Vaca:
      • A.    Spent the remainder of his life in Mexico City.
        B.    Sailed back to Spain, but later returned to the New World.
        C.    Died a very rich man.
        D.    All of the Above.
        E.    None of the Above.



    E. According to this PBS biography and map:

    1. De Vaca was about:
      • A.    38 years old when he landed on the Isle of Misfortune.
        B.    46 years old when he reached Mexico City.
        C.    67 years old when he died.
        D.    All of the Above.
        E.    None of the Above.



PAGE ONE
Alonso Álvarez de Pineda
PAGE THREE
Francisco Vázquez de Coronado
PAGE FOUR
René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle
PAGE FIVE
Pánfilo de Narváez
PAGE SIX
Juan de Oñate

Copyright Instructional Technology Services, Inc.
No part of this page may be copied or reproduced in any form without the express permission of Instructional Technology Services, Inc.

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This TLC Quest last edited 08/20/2011
This TLC Quest last revised 07/17/2009
This TLC Quest created 09/25/2008